نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار روابط بینالملل، گروه ارتباطات و علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران شرق، تهران، ایران.
2 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه روابط بینالملل، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران شمال، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The region of West Asia has long been the focus of numerous crises. On the one hand, the presence and intervention of supra-regional powers have exacerbated these crises, and on the other hand, ethnic-religious difference is the prominent feature of this region, which is one of the main causes of many crises in the region. Numerous factors, from the role of the region in energy supply to the expansion of the influence of trans-regional actors and the pursuit of containment policy, have attracted the attention of great powers to the region at different times. At the regional stage, ethnic and especially religious factors have in many cases led to dispute and crisis, and in some cases even to war. Therefore, according to these facts, the stressors in the region can be classified as follows: the presence and involvement of supra-regional powers in the regional issues as an external factor and ethnic-religious differences as an internal factor.
As Buzan (2002) says, "The West Asian security crisis complex is a clear example of a conflicting structure, in addition to being particularly complex and extensive. Determining the exact date of this crisis in the region is difficult. However, the various aspects of the formation of crises in the region have a long history."
The paper's methodology is an analytical-descriptive approach
3.Results and Discussion
Given the unstable relationship between Persian Gulf and West Asian actors and the increasing tensions among them, the main question of the present study is the possibility of forming a Secure Community in the region. According to the theory of Secure Community, how is it possible to form this society in the West Asian region? The response based on the theoretical frameworks is that according to the theory, the West Asian region could, in the most optimistic view, see a tightly – coupled and nascent Secure Community.
In fact, the theory of Secure Community is based on cooperation and convergence that has been proposed in the field of security, especially regional security. According to this theory, countries enter into a process of convergence that essentially avoids non-peaceful ways of resolving disputes among them and provides constructive interaction among actors to enforce laws and fulfill obligations among them.
Multilateral approaches to resolving regional issues, understanding common threats, tackling regional problems without resorting to force, expanding multilateral co-operation with respect to sovereignty, and interfering in the internal affairs of each other are essential requirements for the formation of Secure Community, while these capacities are not widely used in today West Asia.
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