ظرفیت‌های راهبردی جهان اسلام در هندسه جهانی قدرت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مدرس دانشگاه، پژوهشگر مرکز مطالعات آینده دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، تهران ، ایران

چکیده

فضای چندگفتمانی و چندپارگی، ورود قدرت‌های منطقه‌ای و جهانی به بازی ائتلاف قدرت یا ائتلاف گفتمانی وتلاش آنها برای بازسازی و برسازی خود به منظور کسب سهم بیشتر در نظام آتی بین‌الملل، حکایت از آن دارد که جهان در این پیچ تاریخی، آبستن شکل‌گیری نظمی سیال و شاهد تغییراتی در دوران گذار از نظام بین‌الملل وستفالیایی به عصر پساوستفالی است.
با افول قدرت‌های جهانی و هژمونی غرب و به ویژه ایالات متحده آمریکا در سال‌های اخیر از یک طرف و رشد قدرت‌های منطقه‌ای از طرف دیگر، تحول و تغییر در مناسبات قدرت در سطح بین‌الملل مشهود و ظهور یافته است و چندجانبه‌گرایی در حال شکل‌گیری است و نشانه‌های بروز نظام نوین چندوجهی در مقابل نظام یک‌جانبه‌گرایی سلطه، اکنون برجسته شده است. جهان اسلام که نقطه مرکزی آن در منطقه جنوب غرب آسیا واقع شده است از جمله تمدنی است که از ظرفیت‌های ژئواستراتژیک، ژئوکالچر، ژئوپلیتیک و ژئواکونومیک فوق‌العاده‌ای برخوردار بوده که می‌تواند آن را در معادلات و مناسبات بین‌المللی در جایگاه شایسته‌ای قرار دهد و وضعیت آن را ارتقاء دهد.
بنابراین تلاش شده ظرفیت‌های متعدد جهان اسلام مورد بررسی قرار گیرد و تحقیق انجام شده در پی پاسخ به این موضوع است که جهان اسلام دارای چه منابعی از قدرت است که می‌تواند بر ارتقاء و تکوین قدرت آن تأثیر گذاشته و سبب نقش پر رنگ جهان اسلام در معادلات جهانی گردد. شایان ذکراست که گردآوری داده‌ها نیز عمدتاً از طریق کتابخانه‌ای و بانک اطلاعاتی صورت گرفته و از روش توصیفی تحلیلی استفاده شده است.
 
 
 

تازه های تحقیق

 

 
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Strategic Capabilities of the Islamic World in Global Geometry of Power

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zakaria Kazempour 1
  • Javad Maadani 2
1 University Lecturer, Researcher, Center for Future Studies, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
2 Master of Political Science Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Received…….  Accepted…….
Extended abstract
1. Introduction
Multiparty space and multilateralism, the entry of regional and global powers into the power or discourse coalition game, and their attempt to rebuild and gain a greater share in the future international order, suggests that the world in this historical twist is pregnant with fluid orderly formation and It is witnessing changes in the transition from the Westphalian international system to the post-Westphalian era.
With the decline of world powers and the hegemony of the West, and especially of the United States in recent years and the rise of regional powers on the other hand, changes in international power relations have emerged and multilateralism is emerging and signs of emergence. The new multi-faceted system versus the one-sided system of domination is now prominent. Located in the Southwest of Asia, the Islamic world is a civilization that enjoys tremendous geostrategic, ecocultural, geopolitical and geo-economics capacities that can put it in a good position in international equations and relations and enhance its status Give. Therefore, it has been attempted to examine the various capacities of the Islamic world and the research sought to answer the question of what sources of power the Islamic world possesses that can influence the promotion and development of its power and give rise to the colorful role of the Islamic world in equations Become global.
The Islamic world has the qualities and capacities that have promoted it as an influential force in the global system and the shaping of international equations. Some scholars believe that the world after the collapse of the bipolar system based on powerful political units has given way to civilizational units and that civilizations or cultures have become major players in international politics. On this basis, it can be concluded that Islamic civilization has a special place in the modern world system. To this end, an examination of the capacities of the Muslim world will reveal its position in the international system.
 
2. Review of Literature
Islamic civilization is a religious civilization with many of its components centered on the religion of Islam. Because of this rich extension, it is both time-bound and meaningful, on the one hand, because its beginnings are almost certain, and on the other, it has a great deal of conceptual and subject matter that encompasses all the intricacies, subtleties, and universalities of the Islamic religion as It has a divine religion. The transition from state-based geopolitics to civilization-based geoculture in the 21st century is increasingly reflecting the reality of international relations in today's world. Traditional geopolitical theories such as Hartland and Remeland can be traced back to today's geoculture in an evolutionary direction, extending along a geopolitical geopolitical trajectory from MacIntyre to Huntington and Brzezinski.
Geopolitical theory and maritime power have been used to better explain the capabilities of the Muslim world and to describe its geographical location. It is noteworthy that the Islamic world is overshadowed by such capacities that can enhance Islamic civilization within the dominant international. system.Extensive studies have been conducted in the various fields of the Islamic world, and institutions have sporadically studied and researched some of the issues of the Islamic world. But the Institute for the Future of the Islamic World, in particular, has studied numerous issues in the Islamic world with the aim of creating unity and convergence between the countries concerned.
 
3.Method
The research sought to answer the question of what sources of power the Islamic world possesses that can influence its promotion and development and give rise to the colorful role of the Islamic world in global equations. When defining the concepts used, the data was collected mainly through the library and database method.
 
4.Results and Discussion
The adult Islamic world covers one fifth of the land area, establishing the link between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, and the presence of Albania in the Adriatic Sea Port, as well as the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea, the only access to free and warm waters. And Bangladesh at the head of the Bay of Bengal, as well as the position of the Maldives and Lacdio Islands in the Indian Ocean, which has made them a natural observation of much of the ocean, could all be reasons for the strategic importance of Islamic countries. If the Islamic countries understand their geographical location in the world, they will be able to foster convergence and solidarity among the Islamic world by adhering to the geo-strategic and geo-economics factor and setting the stage for becoming an effective global power.
In the whole of the Islamic world, in addition to the geopolitical power and strategic regional depth of Iran, the economies of Malaysia, Indonesia and Turkey are good backers for empowering the Muslim world. Inter-civilization structures such as the Arab League, the Gulf Cooperation Council, Echo, the Organization of Islamic Unity plus Pakistan's nuclear and military capabilities in the civilian dimension, the role of the Hajj and Saudi oil, the regional soft power of Egypt, and a vast array of world scientists and capital Many Islamic countries, especially oil clubs in the Western world, are also among the components of the power of this complex. Different poles around the world, in terms of different abilities, are aligned and have a more or less close influence in organizing the international system. One of the poles that has a role in the future international system is the Islamic world civilization complex, which, based on the cultural, economic, strategic and geopolitical capabilities of the member states, has the capacity to acquire an independent polarity in the future system.
 
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Geo-strategic
  • Geo-political
  • Geo-economic
  • Geo-cultural
  • World power

 

 
 
 
 

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